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Journal Article

Value and Momentum Everywhere

We find consistent value and momentum return premia across eight diverse markets and asset classes, and a strong common factor structure among their returns.

Journal Article

Do Industries Explain Momentum?

The ability to outperform buy-and-hold strategies by acquiring past winning stocks and selling past losing stocks, commonly referred to as "individual stock momentum," remains one of the most puzzling of these anomalies, both because of its magnitude (up to 12 percent abnormal return per dollar long on a self-financing strategy per year) and because of the peculiar horizon pattern that it seems to follow: Trading based on individual stock momentum appears to be a poor strategy when using a short historical horizon for portfolio formation (especially less than one month); it is highly profitable at intermediate horizons (up to 24 months, although it is strongest in the 6- to 12-month range); and is again a poor strategy at longer horizons. This paper largely focuses on the positive persistence in stock returns (or momentum effect) over intermediate investment horizons (6 to 12 months) and explores various explanations for its existence.

Journal Article

Why Are Earnings Kinky? An Examination of the Earnings Management Explanation

An empirical regularity documented by Hayn (1995) is that there is a ‘‘kink’’ in the earnings distribution: too few firms report small losses and too many firms report small profits.

Journal Article

Common Factors in Corporate Bond and Bond Fund Returns

This paper undertakes a comprehensive analysis of cross-sectional determinants of corporate bond excess returns. We find strong evidence of positive risk-adjusted returns to measures of carry, defensive, momentum and value.

Journal Article

Overinvestment of Free Cash Flow

This paper focuses on using accounting information to better explain the relationship between free cash flow and overinvestment.

Journal Article

Parallels Between the Cross-Sectional Predictability of Stock and Country Returns

Firm characteristics such as book-to-market ratio, market equity and one-year past return help explain the cross-section of average returns on U.S.

Alternative Thinking

The Role of Alternative Beta Premia

Alternative beta premia—dynamic long-short strategies—offer effective diversified sources of return. To us, the most useful classifications are hedge fund strategy premia and style premia, two complementary approaches

Alternative Thinking

Active and Passive Investing — The Long-Run Evidence

More careful thinking is needed to separate facts from fiction in the hotly contested debate between active and passive investing.

Alternative Thinking

Challenges of Incorporating Tactical Views

Tactical timing is inherently more difficult than it seems. We explore which types of tactical views may be worth taking.

Journal Article

Craftsmanship Alpha: An Application to Style Investing

What may seem like inconsequential design decisions can actually matter a lot for style portfolios. In fact, the skillful targeting and capturing of style premia may constitute a form of alpha on its own—one we refer to as “craftsmanship alpha.”