Tax Aware

Lot Layering: The New Frontier for Hedge Fund Partnership Allocations

Despite its unavoidable deficiency caused by current regulations, we believe that lot layering aligns tax and economics more closely than any of the “aggregation” methods presently used by most hedge funds.

ESG Investing

Responsible Investing: The ESG-Efficient Frontier

Combining several large data sets, we compute the empirical ESG-efficient frontier and show the costs and benefits of responsible investing.

Market Risk and Efficiency

Economics with Market Liquidity Risk

We discuss the effects of market liquidity risk on asset pricing, investment management, corporate finance, banking, financial crises, macroeconomics, monetary policy, fiscal policy, and other economic areas.

Working Paper

Risk Parity Is Not Short Volatility (Not That There's Anything Wrong with Short Volatility)

Are risk parity strategies hiding an implicit short volatility? To find out, we simulated stylized versions of three asset-class (equity, fixed income, and commodities) risk parity and short volatility strategies, and we compared the trading behavior and returns of each.

Factor/Style Investing

Factor Premia and Factor Timing: A Century of Evidence

We examine four prominent factor premia – value, momentum, carry, and defensive – over a century from six asset classes. The results offer support for time-varying risk premia models with important implications for theory seeking to explain the sources of factor returns.

Fixed Income

Looking Under the Hood of Active Credit Managers

We find that credit long/short managers tend to have high passive exposure to the credit risk premium. In contrast, we find that high-yield-focused long-only managers provide less exposure to the credit risk premium than their respective benchmarks.

Tax Aware

Should Taxable Investors Shun Dividends?

We evaluate the tax benefit of dividend avoidance for quantitative multi-style strategies and find that dividend avoidance generally reduces implementation efficiency, thus lowering expected pre-tax returns.

Machine Learning

Autoencoder Asset Pricing Models

We propose a new latent factor conditional asset pricing model, which delivers out-of-sample pricing errors that are far smaller (and generally insignificant) compared to other leading factor models.

ESG Investing

Hedging Climate Change News

We propose and implement a procedure to dynamically hedge climate change risk and discuss multiple directions for future research on financial approaches to managing climate risk.

Fixed Income

Give Credit Where Credit Is Due: What Explains Corporate Bond Returns?

We examine the risk and returns of U.S. corporate bond indices using a set of economically-motivated factors and find that options markets explain a great deal of credit returns.