Financial Analysts Journal
One of the great frustrations in the asset management profession is to watch trading costs render useless a signal that predicts near-term returns beautifully. What is one to do with this predictive information? One option is to invest resources in hopes of refining the signal sufficiently to more than cover its trading costs — and then pray that the refined signal is not overfitted. Alternatively, the signal may be combined with other, unrelated short-term information to obtain sufficient predictability.
Unfortunately, because both options are easier said than done, short-term signals are usually ignored. That is wasteful, but the cost-to-benefit ratio of trading on such information may not appear to make sense at first glance. After all, paying $10 for $3 of expected revenues is not good business — if you try to trade on this information alone.
In this article, we offer an alternative algorithm that exploits rapidly decaying information without requiring the payment of additional transaction costs. The catch is that our algorithm works only in conjunction with another portfolio whose signals have slower information decay. By allowing a short-term view to inform trading decisions on a long-term portfolio, investors can lower their portfolios’ tracking error to its desired long-term view and obtain an exposure to an attractive short-term signal. Instead of trading the view, investors can simply make sure they never trade against the view.
Our algorithm provides an additional benefit for investors primarily focused on long-term portfolios: They can effectively get paid to take the short-term bet through the reduced transaction costs of trading the long-term portfolio.
The information contained herein is only as current as of the date indicated, and may be superseded by subsequent market events or for other reasons. The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of AQR Capital Management, LLC, its affiliates or its employees.
This information is not intended to, and does not relate specifically to any investment strategy or product that AQR offers. It is being provided merely to provide a framework to assist in the implementation of an investor’s own analysis and an investor’s own view on the topic discussed herein. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results.