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Perspective

Repurchases are the Devil’s Work! (not…)

A seemingly large amount of stock buybacks in recent years has prompted many to claim that buybacks have come at the expense of new investment. Our latest paper shows why neither the theory nor the evidence supports this view.

Perspective

It Ain't What You Don't Know That Gets You Into Trouble

My colleagues have written two papers questioning things we thought we knew. The first questions what we really know about current stock market valuations forecasting long-horizon future returns and the second explores whether or not the size effect really exists.

Journal Article

Testing Agency Theory With Entrepreneur Effort and Wealth

We apply agency theory to an entrepreneurial setting by augmenting the standard principal-agent framework.We then test the model’s implications using unique data on entrepreneurial effort and wealth in privately held firms. In the model, a risk-averse entrepreneur seeking financing wishes to sell part of his equity stake to outside investors concerned with moral hazard.

White Paper

Understanding a Tax-Aware Defensive Equity Long-Short Strategy

We describe a hypothetical Tax-Aware Defensive Equity Long-Short strategy, including its construction and pre-tax and after-tax performance. The strategy closely replicates the pre-tax performance of a similar hypothetical tax-agnostic strategy and has the potential to achieve a meaningful tax benefit for a taxable investor.

Journal Article

Fight the Fed Model

Strategists, portfolio managers and market pundits often claim that the high market multiples of recent times are justified by low interest rates and/or inflation. The most widespread version of this comparison of stocks to bonds is often deemed the Fed model.

Journal Article

Buyback Derangement Syndrome

Winner of an “Outstanding Article” award in the 20th Annual Bernstein Fabozzi/Jacobs Levy Awards. A seemingly large amount of stock buybacks in recent years has prompted many to claim that buybacks have come at the expense of new investment. Our latest paper shows why neither the theory nor the evidence supports this view.

Journal Article

Are Stocks Real Assets? Sticky Discount Rates in Stock Markets

Local stock markets adjust sluggishly to changes in local inflation.

Journal Article

Home Bias at Home: Local Equity Preference in Domestic Portfolios

The strong preference for domestic equities exhibited by investors in international markets, despite the well-documented gains from international diversification, remains an important yet unresolved empirical puzzle in financial economics. Though such behavior appears to be grossly inefficient from a diversification standpoint, academics have offered a variety of explanations for this phenomenon. Home bias explanations can be assigned to two groups: those that rely on national/governmental frictions and those that rely on frictions associated with distance.

Journal Article

Asset Pricing With Liquidity Risk

This paper presents a simple theoretical model that helps explain how asset prices are affected by liquidity risk — the inability to find buyers or sellers of securities at will — and commonality in liquidity. This liquidity-adjusted capital asset pricing model (CAPM) provides a unified framework for understanding the various channels through which liquidity risk may affect asset prices.

Journal Article

What Makes Stock Prices Move? Fundamentals vs. Investor Recognition

Behavioral finance research documents that investors are more likely to hold “attention grabbing” stocks —those of firms that currently have popular products and services, such as Apple and Pandora.